An EU Regulation (1143/2014) for invasive alien species entered into force on 1 January 2015. 
These are species that (can) cause damage to biodiversity, ecosystems and ecosystem services. Since 3 August 2016, a Union list with 'invasive exotics of EU interest' has been in force, subject to prohibitions and obligations, such as: a ban on import, trade, breeding and possession and the obligation to combat species of Union interest, once these are found in the Member States.
At the moment the European Commission is preparing a second update of the Union list. In total, a maximum of 11 species are eligible for this second update. Information on the harmfulness of species in the EU and the Netherlands is available in the available risk assessments. In order to be able to take a well-founded position on these species in Brussels, the Ministry of Economic Affairs also needs insights into the costs of regulating these species for the Netherlands.
The goal of this study is to get insight for each species into the costs of regulation (= inclusion on the Union list). This concerns the direct and indirect costs of regulation; including: 1) Commercial value (where possible split into import, export and national production); 2) The availability of good alternative trade types that could replace the potential Union list species, 3) The 'social costs', for example individuals who can no longer buy species and, if they already own them, can only keep them under certain conditions; 4) The possible cultural-historical value of species; 5) Any other relevant costs.
|Effective start/end date||1/01/17 → 31/12/18|