Arbovirus surveillance in livestock

Project: PhD

Project Details

Description

Arboviruses are a major risk to public health in the Netherlands. As a significant part of these viruses are zoonotic, there is a certain impact on animals as well. The Netherlands has a high livestock, equine and companion animal density, and import (and export) of animals is common. The role of animals in arbovirus surveillance and spread depends on their role within the viral transmission cycle. For some viruses, animals only serve as indicators for human health risk when used in surveillance programmes. Other viruses pose a serious threat to animal health. This research project is part of a bigger consortium; One Health PACT, which aims to understand if and how changes in climate, farming, water management and travel lead to mosquito-borne disease outbreaks, and to be better prepared for these events. This PhD research aims to perform a baseline seroprevalence study for a number of arboviruses in 1) domestic animals, and 2) in wildlife species. This will be accomplished by using livestock samples which have been collected for infectious disease monitoring projects, already in place. Additional sampling campaigns will be set up for equines, companion animals and as appropriate for (large mammal) wildlife species. To be prepared for when outbreaks or high-risk situations occur, 3) a risk-based surveillance and response protocol will be developed focusing on susceptible animal species and will be adaptable to multiple arboviruses. Finally, 4) we aim to assess the influence of changes in livestock farming on the risk of introduction and spread of arboviruses in the Netherlands. Conclusions and results will be incorporated in models made in collaborations with other members of the consortium. Outcomes of this project will therefore contribute to the preparedness for emerging arboviruses and their risks for animal and public health.
StatusActive
Effective start/end date1/04/20 → …

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