This data set provides insight into the temporal dynamics of gene expression changes during heat-stress (at 35C) and during subsequent recovery (at 20C) in Caenorhabditis elegans. Age synchronized C. elegans CB4856 hermaphrodite populations were exposed to heat stress (35C) for 0h, 0.5h, 1h, 2h, 4h, and 6h. A recovery time-series was created by using age-synchronized N2 populations exposed to heat stress (35C) for 2 hours with a subsequent recovery period of 0.5h, 1h, 1.5h, 2h, 4h, and 6h at 20C. The samples were collected at the indicated time-points during heat stress or recovery. Gene expression profiles were created using microarray technology. This data set is an extension of the data provided under accession number E-MTAB-5753 (i.e. time series describing the gene expression dynamics during heat stress of N2).