Multi-population GWAS and enrichment analyses reveal novel genomic regions and promising candidate genes underlying bovine milk fatty acid composition

  • Grum Gebreyesus (Creator)
  • A.J. Buitenhuis Aarhus University (Creator)
  • Nina A. Poulsen (Creator)
  • Marleen Visker (Creator)
  • Q. Zhang (Creator)
  • Hein van Valenberg (Creator)
  • Dengsheng Sun China Agricultural University (Creator)
  • Henk Bovenhuis (Creator)

Dataset

Description

The power of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) is often limited by the sample size available for the analysis. Milk fatty acid (FA) traits are scarcely recorded due to expensive and time-consuming analytical techniques. Combining multi-population datasets can enhance the power of GWAS enabling detection of genomic region explaining medium to low proportions of the genetic variation. GWAS often detect broader genomic regions containing several positional candidate genes making it difficult to untangle the causative candidates. Post-GWAS analyses with data on pathways, ontology and tissue-specific gene expression status might allow prioritization among positional candidate genes. Results Multi-population GWAS for 16 FA traits quantified using gas chromatography (GC) in sample populations of the Chinese, Danish and Dutch Holstein with high-density (HD) genotypes detects 56 genomic regions significantly associated to at least one of the studied FAs; some of which have not been previously reported. Pathways and gene ontology (GO) analyses suggest promising candidate genes on the novel regions including OSBPL6 and AGPS on Bos taurus autosome (BTA) 2, PRLH on BTA 3, SLC51B on BTA 10, ABCG5/8 on BTA 11 and ALG5 on BTA 12. Novel genes in previously known regions, such as FABP4 on BTA 14, APOA1/5/7 on BTA 15 and MGST2 on BTA 17, are also linked to important FA metabolic processes. Conclusion Integration of multi-population GWAS and enrichment analyses enabled detection of several novel genomic regions, explaining relatively smaller fractions of the genetic variation, and revealed highly likely candidate genes underlying the effects. Detection of such regions and candidate genes will be crucial in understanding the complex genetic control of FA metabolism. The findings can also be used to augment genomic prediction models with regions collectively capturing most of the genetic variation in the milk FA traits.
Date made available6 Mar 2019
PublisherWageningen University and Research

Research Output

Multi-population GWAS and enrichment analyses reveal novel genomic regions and promising candidate genes underlying bovine milk fatty acid composition

Gebreyesus, G., Buitenhuis, A. J., Poulsen, N. A., Visker, M. H. P. W., Zhang, Q., Van Valenberg, H. J. F., Sun, D. & Bovenhuis, H., 6 Mar 2019, In : BMC Genomics. 20, 1, 178.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
  • 4 Citations (Scopus)

    Cite this

    Gebreyesus, G. (Creator), Buitenhuis, A. J. (Creator), Poulsen, N. A. (Creator), Visker, M. (Creator), Zhang, Q. (Creator), van Valenberg, H. (Creator), Sun, D. (Creator), Bovenhuis, H. (Creator) (6 Mar 2019). Multi-population GWAS and enrichment analyses reveal novel genomic regions and promising candidate genes underlying bovine milk fatty acid composition. Wageningen University and Research. 10.6084/m9.figshare.c.4425416