Long-chain fatty acids degradation by Desulfomonile species, proposal of “Candidatus Desulfomonile palmitatoxidans” and emended description of the genus Desulfomonile

  • Joana I. Alves (Creator)
  • Andreia F. Salvador (Creator)
  • Ana Rita Castro (Creator)
  • Ying Zheng (Creator)
  • Bart Nijsse (Creator)
  • Siavash Atashgahi (Creator)
  • Diana Machado de Sousa (Creator)
  • Fons Stams (University of Minho) (Creator)
  • M. Madalena Alves (Creator)
  • Ana J. Cavaleiro (Creator)



A sulfate-reducing culture was enriched from anaerobic granular sludge using palmitate as the sole carbon and energy source. The culture was dominated by Desulfomonile-like bacterium (92 % relative abundance of the bacterial community) that showed a collar-like cell wall invagination, a distinct morphological feature of the Desulfomonile genus. Based on their average nucleotide identity (ANI, 77 %), we propose a novel species, designated as “Candidatus Desulfomonile palmitatoxidans”. A comparison of short-, medium- and long-chain fatty acid degradation by HP culture and D. tiedjei strain DCB-1 showed that both cultures degrade butyrate, caprylate, palmitate and stearate coupled to sulfate reduction, whereas oleate was only utilized by HP culture.
Date made available17 Feb 2020
PublisherWageningen University

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