Integration of growth and patterning during vascular tissue formation in Arabidopsis



Coordination of cell division and pattern formation is central to tissue and organ development, and is particularly important in plants where walls prevent cell migration. Auxin and cytokinin are both critical for division and patterning, but it is unknown how these hormones converge to control tissue development. Here, we identify a genetic network that reinforces an early embryonic bias in auxin distribution to create a local, non-responding cytokinin source within the root vascular tissue. We provide experimental and theoretical evidence that these cells act as a local tissue organizer by positioning the domain of oriented cell divisions. We further demonstrate that the auxin-cytokinin interaction acts as a spatial incoherent feed forward loop, which is essential to generate distinct hormonal response zones, thus establishing a stable pattern within a growing vascular tissue.
Date made available15 Aug 2014
PublisherWageningen University


  • Arabidopsis thaliana

Accession numbers

  • GSE56868
  • PRJNA244835

Cite this