Traditionally, the process of domestication is assumed to be initiated by humans, involve few individuals, and rely on reproductive isolation between wild and domestic forms. We analyzed pig domestication using over 100 genome sequences and tested whether pig domestication followed a traditional linear model, or a more complex, reticulate model. We found that the assumptions of traditional models, such as reproductive isolation and strong domestication bottlenecks, are incompatible with the genetic data. In addition, our results show that despite gene-flow, the genomes of domestic pigs show strong signatures of selection at loci that affect behaviour and morphology. We argue that recurrent selection for domestic traits likely counteracted the homogenising effect of gene-flow from wild boars and created “islands of domestication” in the genome. Our results have significant ramifications for our understanding of animal domestication and suggest that future studies should employ models that do not assume reproductive isolation.
|Date made available||27 Aug 2015|
Frantz, L. A. F. (Creator), Schraiber, J. G. (Creator), Madsen, O. (Creator), Megens, H. J. W. C. (Creator), Cagan, A. (Creator), Bosse, M. (Creator), Paudel, Y. (Creator), Crooijmans, R. P. M. A. (Creator), Larson, G. (Creator), Groenen, M. (Creator)(27 Aug 2015). Analyses of Eurasian wild and domestic pig genomes reveal long-term gene flow and selection during domestication. Wageningen University.