Managing Cool-Season Turfgrass without Herbicides: Optimizing Maintenance Practices to Control Weeds

Press/Media: ResearchAcademic

Description

Several European countries have already banned or will soon ban
the use of synthetic herbicides on turfgrass areas. Such strict sanctions
require the adoption of alternative and innovative management
approaches to maintain the attractiveness and usability of turfgrass
areas without the use of traditional herbicides.
A new article in Crop Science summarizes several measures that
have been proposed in the literature to increase the competitiveness
of turfgrasses against weeds. Such measures for non-chemical weed
control include the use of adapted cultivars that germinate and establish
quickly, resulting in the densest possible stands. Research and breeding
efforts could also focus on turfgrasses that produce allelopathic
substances inhibiting common turfgrass weeds. Increasing mowing
heights and using organic herbicides derived from fungal pathogens
and bacteria are both effective at controlling certain weeds.
Management programs have reduced fertilizer inputs for environmental
reasons; however, in the absence of herbicides, fertilization regimes
need to be re-examined. Lower nitrogen rates can result in increased weed
pressure, which makes weed control problematic without herbicides.
Future research needs to adopt a holistic integrated approach that examines
the benefits of several management approaches and how they interact
to control weed populations without synthetic herbicides.

Period1 Sep 2020

Media coverage

1

Media coverage

  • TitleManaging Cool-Season Turfgrass without Herbicides: Optimizing Maintenance Practices to Control Weeds
    Degree of recognitionInternational
    Media name/outletCSA News
    Media typePrint
    CountryUnited States
    Date1/09/20
    DescriptionSeveral European countries have already banned or will soon ban the use of synthetic herbicides on turfgrass areas. Such strict sanctions require the adoption of alternative and innovative management approaches to maintain the attractiveness and usability of turfgrass areas without the use of traditional herbicides. A new article in Crop Science summarizes several measures that have been proposed in the literature to increase the competitiveness of turfgrasses against weeds. Such measures for non-chemical weed control include the use of adapted cultivars that germinate and establish quickly, resulting in the densest possible stands. Research and breeding efforts could also focus on turfgrasses that produce allelopathic substances inhibiting common turfgrass weeds. Increasing mowing heights and using organic herbicides derived from fungal pathogens and bacteria are both effective at controlling certain weeds. Management programs have reduced fertilizer inputs for environmental reasons; however, in the absence of herbicides, fertilization regimes need to be re-examined. Lower nitrogen rates can result in increased weed
    pressure, which makes weed control problematic without herbicides. Future research needs to adopt a holistic integrated approach that examines the benefits of several management approaches and how they interact to control weed populations without synthetic herbicides.
    URLdoi.org/10.1002/csan.20257
    PersonsDaniel Hahn, Bernd Leinauer