Improving the electrochemical production of hydrogen peroxide

Kuipers, N. (Speaker), Bisselink, R. (Contributor), Zijlstra, M. (Contributor), E. Goetheer (Contributor)

Activity: Talk or presentationOral presentationAcademic

Description

Water reuse is one of the solutions to prevent depletion of freshwater resources. However, continuous use of water in closed-cycle systems can result in accumulation of specific ions, which limits the possibilities for re-use applications. Developing ion-selective desalination technologies could in many cases increase the potential for water reuse. Electrodialysis (ED) is a desalination technology that has a potential to selectively remove specific ions. ED is an electrically driven membrane process in which ion transport takes place as a result of electro-migration and diffusion across the membranes. Understanding these mechanisms is important to enhance the ion selectivity of the process. In this research we aim to explain these mechanisms based on theoretical and experimental studies considering multi-ionic solutions. For that purpose, a two-dimensional theoretical model was developed in order to describe the transport of ions and water through membranes in an ED cell. The computational domain of this model is a repeating unit of an ED cell, which includes one diluate channel, one cation exchange membrane (CEM), one concentrate channel and one anion exchange membrane (AEM). The two-dimensional process model describes transport of ions across the membranes with the extended Nernst-Planck equation. Furthermore, chemical (acid-base) equilibria were included. Different material characteristics of the membranes used in the ED cell, such as thickness, membrane charge and porosity were also considered in the model. Furthermore, ion specific properties, including the chemical affinity of the membrane materials for specific ions, and the diffusion coefficients were analysed and included in the model. In order to validate the model desalination experiments were performed using a laboratory-scale batch-mode ED setup. The effect of various operational parameters on selectivity was studied, such as the current density and the water flowrate. During the experiments, the pH, electrical conductivity, temperature and water level of the solutions were recorded continuously.
Period15 Sep 201919 Sep 2019
Held atAIDIC - Associazione Italiana Di Ingegneria Chimica, Italy
Degree of RecognitionInternational